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Create “Abstract Factory” service in PHP-DI with RequestedEntry and Wildcards

Posted in Slim 4, Tutorial PHP by samsonasik on November 6, 2019

If you’re familiar with Zend Framework’s servicemanager, you may already used the abstract factory which acts as limbo when service not registered. When the pattern checked is matched, it will try to create service based on it, automatically.

We can do that in PHP-DI as well. For example, we are experimenting with my previous post on DDD in slim 4 framework:

│   ├───DomainException
│   │       DomainException.php
│   │       DomainRecordNotFoundException.php
│   │
│   ├───Post
│   │       Post.php
│   │       PostNotFoundException.php
│   │       PostRepository.php
        │       ZendDbPostRepository.php

We are going to create service with pattern “App\Domain\Post\PostRepository” from App\Infrastructure\Persistence namespace with as an object from “App\Infrastructure\Persistence\Post\ZendDbPostRepository”. In PHP-DI, we can combine both RequestedEntry and Wildcards definitions, the service definition will be like the following:


use DI\ContainerBuilder;
use Psr\Container\ContainerInterface;
use Zend\Db\Adapter\AdapterInterface;
use Zend\Db\ResultSet\HydratingResultSet;
use Zend\Db\TableGateway\TableGateway;
use Zend\Hydrator\ObjectPropertyHydrator;
use DI\Factory\RequestedEntry;

return function (ContainerBuilder $containerBuilder) {


        'App\Domain\*\*Repository' => function (RequestedEntry $entry, ContainerInterface $c) {

            // get entity class name, 
            // eg: "Post" by service named "App\Domain\Post\PostRepository" 
            $entity          = current($matches);
            $fullEntityClass = 'App\Domain' . str_repeat('\\' . $entity, 2);
            $fullRepoClass   = 'App\Infrastructure\Persistence' . '\\' . $entity . '\ZendDb' . $entity . 'Repository';

            $tableGateway = new TableGateway(
                new HydratingResultSet(new ObjectPropertyHydrator(), new $fullEntityClass)

            return new $fullRepoClass($tableGateway);


That’s it!

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